The effect of area variation on wave rotor elements by Jack Wilson

Cover of: The effect of area variation on wave rotor elements | Jack Wilson

Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Technical Information Service, distributor in [Washington, DC, Springfield, Va .

Written in English

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  • Rotors.,
  • Shock waves.,
  • Cross sections.,
  • Elastic waves.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementJack Wilson.
Series[NASA contractor report] -- NASA-CR-202352., NASA contractor report -- NASA CR-202352.
ContributionsUnited States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15492310M

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Get this from a library. The effect of area variation on wave rotor The effect of area variation on wave rotor elements book. [Jack Wilson; United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.].

Effect of variation in radial load. The analysis of the experimental results due to the effect of variation in radial load on an unbalanced shaft-bearing system has been analyzed here.

The rotor was rotated at rpm (30 Hz) and was tested for six different radial load conditions at 20 N, 30 N, 50 N, 70 N, 80 N and by: 1.

Wave Rotor Topping Cycles for Gas Turbine Engines. Combustion on the Rotor. Wave rotor cycles which utilize premixed combustion processes within the passages are currently being examined numerically using a one dimensional CFD based simulation.

The cycles are envisioned for use as topping cycles in gas turbine engines. An open source free-wake vortex code was used to determine whether experimentally-observed effects of the wave motions on floating rotor aerodynamics could be reproduced numerically by the lifting line method.

From free-wake simulations on a large scale FOWT, complex wake phenomena were observed under the impact of extreme wave by: The effect of area variation on wave rotor elements book The phase speed of a wave (È£p) and its attenuation are usually considered as power functions of frequency (Ȧ) and linear damage functions (ÈŒ) [15] 2 0 1 2() (1)pv c h hZ \ \Z (1) 2 43)()(Z\ZD hh (2) where U GÉ‹ 0 is the speed of torsion elastic wave propagation in rotor material without damage; G – shear modulus; È¡ â Author: A.B.

Dar’enkov, A.S. Plekhov, V.I. Erofeev. four-port pressure exchange wave rotor integrated into a gas tur-bine cycle is briefly discussed below to illustrate wave rotor op-eration and options.

Figure 3 shows a schematic of a gas turbine cycle using a four-port wave rotor. Following the flow path shown in Fig. 3, air from the compressor enters the wave rotor state 1 and is further. This study aims to perform detailed analysis of the rotor downwash effects on ice that accretes on a helicopter fuselage and to determine the variation with respect to the forward flight speed.

Ground Wave Propagation (Qualitative Treatment) — introduction, Platte Earth Reflections, Space and Surface Waves, Wave Tilt, Curved Earth Reflections.

Space Wave Propagation – Introduction. Field Strength Variation with Distance and Height, Effect ofEarth‘s Curvature. Absorption. Super Refraction.

M-Curves and Duct Propagation. Austin Hughes, Bill Drury, in Electric Motors and Drives (Fifth Edition), Armature reaction. In addition to deliberate field-weakening, as discussed above, the flux in a d.c. machine can be weakened by an effect known as ‘ armature reaction ’.

As its name implies, armature reaction relates to the influence that the armature m.m.f. has on the flux in the machine: in small. With reference to rotor electrical faults of induction machines, a new and simple procedure based on a model which includes the speed ripple effect is developed.

The rotor area forms beneath the lee wave where a large swirling eddy forms. Sometimes with an inversion (normally stable air), turbulence succeeds in overturning the air in the stable layer.

Once warm air is suddenly forced beneath colder and denser air a vigorous convection is set up in an attempt to restore normal equilibrium. User Tools. Cart. Sign In. Thus, altering wave rotor speed changes the location of impingement and as a consequence the strength the reflected shock wave.

This is the reason for the parabolic variation of pressure ratio with wave rotor speed, displayed in the top left graph of Fig. 19(a). Furthermore, shaft power output increases can be reported to range within 8% and 3%.

Derivation of the Wave Equation In these notes we apply Newton’s law to an elastic string, concluding that small amplitude transverse vibrations of the string obey the wave equation. Consider a tiny element of the string. u(x,t) ∆x ∆u x T(x+ ∆x,t) T(x,t) θ(x+∆x,t) θ(x,t) The basic notation is.

wave rotor, and Swissauto Wenko AG of Switzerland is the only company who produces a modern version of the Comprex®, called the Hyprex®. This type of wave rotor is designed for small gasoline engines applications [3]. In a gas-turbine engine, the Wave Rotor is used as a top-pressure stage, in order to obtain a higher overall.

The most recent of these studies (Vosper et al., ) focuses on type-I rotors, and shows how, as the wave amplitude increases, rotors form when a critical value of the normalized pressure. All content in this area was uploaded by Anastasis C Polycarpou on In order to in vestigate the effects of rotor rotation.

timate phase variation caused by the rotors. Request PDF | On Mar 1,Michael R. Habib and others published Effect of tail-rotor torque variation on vibration at helicopter tail-rotor drive-train | Find, read and cite all the research.

dissipation effects in mechanical systems. – Frictional effects in moving parts of machines – Fluid drag on vehicles (cars, ships, aircraft, etc.) – Windage losses of rotors in machines – Hysteresis losses associated with cyclic stresses in materials – Structural damping due to riveted joints, welds, etc.

The wave-induced counter pressure gradients led to postwave boundary layer separation and the appearance of the reversed easterly flow at low levels, the hallmark of the rotor. The same diurnal variation of wave regimes with the maximum of rotor activity in the early evening was observed during both days of this IOP.

Drilled and slotted do both better and the wave rotor does it best. Nailhead, #5. Nailhead Inclusion Rider. area for heat dissipation and more ways for gases etc.

to exit. OK, it's beginning to be a little clearer. I think the idea of wave rotors originally came from dirt bikes, because of the "swiping" effect it has on.

Wave Rotor Topping Cycles for Gas Turbine Engines. Background. In support of the Turbomachinery and Combustion Technology program, the wave rotor is being investigated for use as a core gas generator in future gas turbine engines in order to achieve high peak cycle temperatures and pressures.

frequency lower than the rated frequency, the speed is decreased, locked-rotor torque is increased and power factor is decreased. For certain kinds ofmotor loads, such as, textile mills, close frequency regulation is essential. 14e 6~ Ifvariations in both voltage and frequency occur simultaneously, the effect will be superimposed.

The strong diurnal variation in the momentum fluxes implies that the observed diurnal variation is likely widespread in Owens Valley rather than localized to the Independence area.

Secondly, the amplitude of the momentum flux decreased rapidly with increasing altitude, and was substantially smaller in. where P is the power, F is the force vector, and v is the velocity of the moving wind turbine part. The force F is generated by the wind's interaction with the blade.

The magnitude and distribution of this force is the primary focus of wind-turbine aerodynamics. The most familiar type of aerodynamic force is drag.

Thermoacoustics is the interaction between temperature, density and pressure variations of acoustic waves. Thermoacoustic heat engines can readily be driven using solar energy or waste heat and they can be controlled using proportional can use heat available at low temperatures which makes it ideal for heat recovery and low power applications.

The performance deterioration of a high-speed axial compressor rotor due to surface roughness and airfoil thickness variations is reported.

A mm ( in.) thick rough coating with a surface finish of – rms μm (– rms μin.) is applied to the pressure and suction surface of the rotor blades.

Rotordynamics, also known as rotor dynamics, is a specialized branch of applied mechanics concerned with the behavior and diagnosis of rotating structures. It is commonly used to analyze the behavior of structures ranging from jet engines and steam turbines to auto engines and computer disk its most basic level, rotor dynamics is concerned with one or more mechanical structures.

the brake rotor, is studied in this article. The focus is on the order domain analysis, as the speed-dependent behavior of friction torque is not well understood.

First, a new laboratory experiment is constructed to simulate vehicle brake judder in a scientific and yet controlled manner. The variations in pressure and torque are measured as.

scope’s mass elements. The action of the common inertial forces of mass elements and the well-known change in the angular momentum of the spinning rotor produce the precession torques.

These resistance and precession torques are interrelated, act at the same time and are strictly perpendicular to each other around their axes. As the rotor area was % of the total surface area of the LA, we considered the upper % of the ShEn area and the lower % of the CFAE-CL area.

The percentages of areas overlapping the rotor area were % for the high DF area, % for the ShEn area, and % for the CFAE-CL area (p. Effect of isotopic substitution 14 2.

Rigid-Rotor model of diatomic molecule Changes in nuclear mass (neutrons) do not change r 0 →r depends on binding forces, associated w/ charged particles →Can determine mass from B Ic h B 8 2 Recall: Therefore, for example: 13 16 13 12 16 C m B C O B C O 12 C m.

Figure 6 presents the effect of rotor meander on ShEn distribution in an LR model rotor. The diameter of the tip trajectory was modulated by the change in the slow inward Ca 2+ channel conductance. At low Ca 2+ channel conductance (Gsi = 0, Gsi = ), the diameter of the trajectory of the spiral wave is narrow in the form of a circle.

Standing wave, combination of two waves moving in opposite directions, each having the same amplitude and frequency. The phenomenon is the result of interference; that is, when waves are superimposed, their energies are either added together or canceled out.

The effect of bearing running surface waviness on the nonlinear vibrations of rotor bearing system is investigated.

The results are mainly presented in time and frequency domains are shown in time-displacement, fast Fourier transformation, and Poincaré maps.

Sound, a mechanical disturbance from a state of equilibrium that propagates through an elastic material medium. A purely subjective, but unduly restrictive, definition of sound is also possible, as that which is perceived by the ear.

Learn more about the properties and types of sound in this article. electromagnetic wave propagating in the +x-direction, with the electric field E G pointing in the +y-direction and the magnetic field B G in the +z-direction, as shown in Figure below.

Figure A plane electromagnetic wave What we have here is an example of a plane wave since at any instant bothE andB G G are. Types and features of waves. Waves come in two kinds, longitudinal and transverse. Transverse waves are like those on water, with the surface going up and down, and longitudinal waves are like of those of sound, consisting of alternating compressions and rarefactions in a medium.

The high point of a transverse wave is a called the crest, and the low point is called the trough. Fig. Variation of damping with δ3 for the XV and unmodified rotor at knots. Figure 4 shows the variation of damping with δ3 for the XV with the unmodified rotor.

The airspeed is knots, the design maximum. The damping predicted by CAMRAD II. Transonic airspeeds see a rapid increase in drag from about Machand it is the fuel costs of the drag that typically limits the airspeed.

Attempts to reduce wave drag can be seen on all high-speed aircraft. Most notable is the use of swept wings, but another common form is a wasp-waist fuselage as a side effect of the Whitcomb area rule. Sound - Sound - Circular and spherical waves: The above discussion of the propagation of sound waves begins with a simplifying assumption that the wave exists as a plane wave.

In most real cases, however, a wave originating at some source does not move in a straight line but expands in a series of spherical wavefronts.

The fundamental mechanism for this propagation is known as Huygens. Analytical methods in rotor dynamics 1. Chapter 2Variable Elasticity Effects in RotatingMachineryAbstract The effects of variable elasticity in rotating machinery occur with alarge variety of mechanical, electrical, etc., systems, in the present .The paper presents the closed-form solution of two dimensional (2D) electromagnetic wave equation for eddy current problems in cylindrical structures.

The magnetic field calculation is a complex issue for electrical machines especially. The paper provides an analytical solution for solid cylindrical structures with linear magnetization.

This approach is extended to the electrical machines with.

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