Stress in cattle January 1979 - August 1990 by Janice C. Swanson

Cover of: Stress in cattle | Janice C. Swanson

Published by National Agricultural Library in Beltsville, Md .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Cattle -- Bibliography.,
  • Stress (Physiology) -- Bibliography.,
  • Cattle -- Effect of stress on -- Bibliography.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementJanice C. Swanson.
SeriesQuick bibliography series -- QB 91-18., Quick bibliography series -- 91-18.
ContributionsNational Agricultural Library (U.S.)
The Physical Object
Pagination37 p. ;
Number of Pages37
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15285500M

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This is a very interesting book about moving large animals around with creating stress. It's written for cattle but would also apply to zoo animals. Read more. Helpful. Comment Report abuse. JL Van VUUREN. out of 5 stars WHAT A LOVELY SURPRISE.

Reviewed in 5/5(6). The principles discussed in this book apply to all types of grazing animals. Stress increases weight loss, damages rumen function, and can interfere with reproduction. An animal's previous experiences will affect its stress reaction to handling. Cattle have long by: 4.

We highlight main stressors in beef, such as cattle management, handling stress while passing through the chutes, social hierarchy or weaning effects, besides the nutritional and climate stress and include the acclimatization, acclimation and temperament.

We pay attention to the beef : Aitor Fernandez-Novo, Sonia S Pérez-Garnelo, Arantxa Villagrá, Natividad Pérez-Villalobos, Susana As. Stress causes muscle fibers to tense up and triggers a cascade of changes in the body chemistry of the beef animal.

Cattle stress raises adrenaline in the body. Adrenaline production is the natural response to stress that prepares the body for a fight-or-flight response to a perceived threat.

Cattle are no different from us in this regard. Steve Cote - Stockmanship and Handling Cattle on the Range Stockmanship - How to use the Bud Williams method of low stress cattle handling and herding to move livestock on the open range.

Steve Stress in cattle book from the National Resources Conservation Service in Arco, Idaho has written an easy to understand Stress in cattle book on cattle Stress in cattle book on extensive rangeland.

Introduction The advantages of low-stress cattle handling include increased profit for dairy and beef producers. Low-stress cattle handling is easier and safer for people, induces less cattle stress and injury, and produces a better product with a better public image.

The best news is that it’s free—well, almost free. This chapter discusses the details of cattle behaviour (in other words, what cattle do) such as the relative importance of the five body senses, the various ways stock communicate with each other and their keepers and behavioural problems arising from clashes with their environment.

Stress is a killer of cattle, and morbidity can be high, resulting in lower production in the cows and calves. It is certainly important to look for solutions, as your financial investment is in pounds of calf sold. Not only does cattle stress make meat tough and cattle more disease-prone, but it also causes cattle shrink, which is the unnecessary weight that is temporarily lost through manure, urine, and fluid loss from body tissues - valuable weight that you won't get paid for when the cattle are weighed at auction time.

This book, written by the leading international research scientists in the field, is the first to cover all aspects of research into the welfare of dairy, veal and beef cattle. The book provides a. This practical book integrates scientific research and industry literature on cattle, pigs, poultry, sheep, goats, deer, and horses, in both the developed and developing world, to provide a practical guide to humane handling and minimizing animal stress.

Heat stress is a natural phenomenon that affects dairy cows and other domestic animals in tropical, sub-tropical and often in temperate regions of the world during the summer months. Introduction Heat and humidity during the summer months combine to make avery uncomfortable environment for dairy cows.

Whit is a fourth generation Montana rancher who spent aobut 38 years handling cattle conventionally before making the paradigm shift to low-stress livestock handling (LSLH) as taught by Bud Williams.

For the past 10 years he has studied and practice LSLH, and shares his knowledge in clinics, onsite consultations, and articles. Excellent book for any cattle rancher. The author, Heather Smith Thomas, has walked the walk and raised more than calves since A rancher herself Ms Thomas has produced a very practical and easy to read health handbook for raising s: Groups of tame cattle can be led with a bucket of feed, carried by a person or a vehicle.

This is a very low stress method of moving cattle because they move slowly. Cattle can also learn to come when called for a feed reward.

The cattle should be trained to the sound of a voice or a horn instead of the sight of a vehicle. Cattle move into the double alley from the staging pen and past a spring-loaded swinging gate into the single-animal alley before entering the scale and chute. Expanded metal in the center panel allows animals in adjacent alleys to see each other, which lowers stress levels.

The width of the double and single alleys is easily adjustable. The effects of stress on cattle, pigs and sheep prior to slaughter are reviewed. Long-term preslaughter stress, such as fighting, cold weather, fasting and transit, which occurs 12 to 48 hours prior to slaughter depletes muscle glycogen, resulting in meat which has a higher pH, darker color, and is drier.

Short-term acute stress, such as excitement or fighting immediately prior to slaughter. Most of the scientific literature on the effects of heat stress on dairy cattle has focused on physiological measures that describe how the animal is interacting with its environment, such as plasma cortisol, heart rate, and respiratory rate (Kadzere et al., ).

Behavioral indicators of stress in cattle are expressed by flight, vocalization, kicking, and struggling, while physiological indicators of stress are expressed by elevated levels of cortisol, beta endorphins, and heart rates (Grandin a). "Cattle will group together to get away from biting flies.

Under hot conditions this will aid in increasing heat stress. Provide fly control through the use of fly tags, sprays, or other control methods," Larson said.

Providing shade will take a substantial amount of stress off cattle. The negative consequences of environmental heat stress on dairy cattle productivity and welfare are long-lasting and seem to extend over multiple generations. It is well-recognized that direct exposure to heat stress in lactating dairy cows will impair animal health, fertility, and milk production.

Cattle Book, DEFRA ()(figurereproduced with permission). A number of studies have correlated THI with physio-logical measures of cattle stress including the level of panting (Mader et al ), dry-matter intake, and milk temperatures and yield (West et. Handling cattle needn’t be an exercise in anger management, according to Ron Gill, Texas A&M University Livestock Specialist.

“Low-stress cattle handling is not establishing “kumbayah” with the cow,” Gill said. “It has nothing to do with being gentle and slow,” he said. Get this from a library. Stress in cattle: January - August [Janice C Swanson; National Agricultural Library (U.S.)].

Animal behavior is a function of species biology, interaction with the environment and experience previously acquired. Natural taming is a set of techniques used to tame the animals without stress and with patience and respect.

They are conditioned to follow man’s commands in a quiet way, resulting in more reliable and productive animals.

Cattle learning process has enabled the development. Excessive stress in cattle leads to reduced productivity, such as low liveweight gains, low conception rates, low milk yields, high pre-weaning mortalities and high susceptibility to disease.

All animals have a large number of control mechanisms that maintain the steady state of the body and brain that is essential for life. Low-stress cattle handling is a huge topic of conversation, and an important one to consider when it comes to the well-being of your animals.

“Human handlers can cause, modify, multiply or dissipate stress in animals–with or without knowing it–and the idea behind low-stress livestock handling is to handle animals in such a manner as to dissipate preexisting stress, create minimal to no.

Transport stress in cattle and sheep with details of physiological and other. indicators. Deutsche schrift,Pre-publication copy. The book contains step-by-step instructions, diagrams, and full-colour pictures. Contents: Introduction General safety precautions Animal welfare Quality assurance Working safely in yards Working safely with cattle in a bailhead (head bail) Drafting and counting cattle Recognising and avoiding stress in cattle Mouthing cattle Drenching cattle.

Heat stress and cold stress have a negative influence on cattle welfare and productivity. There have been some studies investigating the influence of cold stress on cattle, however the emphasis within this review is the influence of heat stress on cattle.

The impact of hot weather on cattle is of increasing importance due to the changing global environment. Stress for cattle comes in many forms, about half of which happens while loading and unloading animals.

Much of that stress can be reduced by more personal interaction with the animals. 2)stop forcing, only let cattle do what you want.

3) stop doing the things that bother stock so they can respond calmly Bud was looking for a way to reduce the stress in handling and discovered the high control that also results. He also said you must get your animals working for you before you do things with them.

Stockmanship is basically. Low-stress handling techniques always improve the working relationship between cattle and humans, resulting in a much more satisfactory outcome for both. Dairy veterinarians are often involved in helping dairy owners and their employees with training programs for dairy workers.

With more than photos and 3 hours of video, the Low Stress Handling®, Restraint and Behavior Modification of Dogs and Cats book (with companion DVD, not sold separately) offers tips, tools, and techniques for recognizing brewing fear and aggression, while reducing this through specific handling techniques that decrease stress by improving patient comfort and safety.

Transitioning Beef Cattle to a Defined Breeding and Calving Season: ASPC Digital Version (HTML) APSCP: John Benner; Rachel Grosse; Jennifer Ligon; Laura Siegle; Low Stress Cattle Handling: Low Stress Cattle Handling (PDF) APSCNP: Jennifer Ligon; John Benner.

In addition, Hibbard recommends Steve Cote’s book, Stockmanship: A Powerful Tool for Grazing Lands Management, and his professional publication, Stockmanship Journal, as good resources for further reading on low-stress cattle handling techniques. Heat stress decreases LH pulse amplitude and frequency in cattle with low estradiol, thereby compromising the maturation and ovulation of the dominant follicles, while low tonic LH levels also hinder luteal development by inhibiting follicular growth and turnover in cyclic cows.

Furthermore, the decrease in the pre-ovulatory release of LH. Avoid handling cattle if possible. Processing cattle can elevate body temperature 1/2° F to 3 1/2 ° F, depending on cattle temperature and processing time.

During heat stress periods, if cattle must be handled, do it in the morning prior to 8 a.m. if possible, and absolutely not after 10 a.m.

unless shaded facilities are available. Put simply, the cattle engine runs cooler; cattle are able to keep up with oxidative stress rather than be overwhelmed by it.” One study conducted by VeriPrime Research indicates % of non-treated steers scored high on the oxidative stress index (OSI), versus % of the cattle treated with a chelated trace mineral formulation.

Cattle enter the staging pen and the solid gate is swung closed behind them. Th e natural tendency is for animals to move back in the direction they came from, in this case toward the entry point to the double alley. Cattle enter side by side, reducing stress and creating a continuous fl ow into the single alley.

staging pen staging pen. Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle expounds on the effects of beef cattle body condition on the state of compensatory growth, takes an in-depth look at the variations in cattle type, and documents the important effects of the environment and stress on food intake.

This volume also uses new data on the development of a fetus during pregnancy. Avoid Heat Stress When Moving Cattle Timing, water and rest are imperative when moving cattle.

Story & photos by Heather Smith Thomas. Cattle overheat quickly if they have to exert very much on a hot day. Moving cattle is always safer if you start early in the morning.Worker Injuries Involving the Interaction of Cattle, Cattle Handlers, and Farm Structures or Equipment.

Thesis: Master of Science, Kansas State University. Grandin, T. Review: Reducing Handling Stress Improves Both Productivity and Welfare. The Professional Animal Scientist.

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